|Martin and Oliver Webb Fine Stone Miniatures. Museum quality handmade miniatures of stone carvings for the collector and connoisseur.|
A Stonemason's Dictionary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| Raised Lead Lettering:
A type of memorial inscription in which small holes are drilled in the
stones face, then pieces of lead are hammered into them leaving
a thin wafer of lead covering the surface of the area of the letter. The
letters outline is then cut out from the lead wafer.
Rebus: An architectural pun, the representation of a name through (often) ironic symbolism.
Relieving Arch: An arch built inside the wall above the arch forming the opening of a window or door to relieve the load place upon the visible and lighter arch.
Renaissance Architecture: General term for architecture of the 16th century.
Reredos: A decorated wall covering or screen behind the alter.
Respond: Half pillar or corbel at the end of an arcade built against the wall to support the last arch.
Retabulum: A painted wooden reredos.
Retaining Wall: A wall built to withstand the lateral pressure of earth behind it.
Retro-Choir: A part of the church beyond the presbytery, east of the high alter, but not the Lady Chapel.
Return: A change of direction in a moulding, such as a cornice.
Reveal: The flat area within the thickness of the wall between the frame of a window or door and the face of the wall.
Reveal Pin: A small threaded jack which attaches to the end of a scaffolding pole. Its name derives from the fact that it can be used to extend and anchor to the inside surfaces of a window reveal.
Rib: Arched section that supports the vault
Romanesque: Architectural style of the Saxon period, characterised by round arches.
Rood: The cross of Christ
Rood Screen: Stone or, more usually, wooden screen dividing the nave from the choir
Rose-Window: A circular window that is built of tracery.
Rotunda: A building circular in plan.
Rough Back: The crudely cut back of the stone which is built into the thickness of the wall.
Roundel: A round disc or panel. As in a stained glass window
Rubble: Walling made of random pieces of stone.
Rustication: Masonry in which the joints and beds are dressed square, but the face left rough.