Martin and Oliver Webb Fine Stone Miniatures. Museum quality handmade miniatures of stone carvings for the collector and connoisseur.
Catalogue No.44.

A Stonemason's Dictionary
A pocket dictionary of masonry terms, names and expressions

  Back to Explore Our World page  Back to Fine Stone Miniatures home page

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Dado: The plain part between the base cornice of a column’s pedestal. Also the part of a wall between skirting and dado rail.

Dais: Raised area, usually by one step, upon which stands the altar.

Dentil: A form of enrichment used on cornice mouldings consisting of a series of regular rectangular blocks.

Diaper: A painted or carved pattern of squares, each containing a simple foliate device.

Dilly: Portable beam mounted hoist.

Dogs: Lifting hooks attached to a loop of chain which, when inserted into holes cut in a quarry block, can be used to lift it.

Dog Cramp: A metal cramp, turned down at both ends, used to lock stones together (such as copings).

Dog-Tooth Moulding: An ornamental 13th century moulding, consisting of a series of pyramidal projections, the sides of which are carved out to create leaf shapes.

Dome: A method of producing a hemi-spherical structure using horizontal and circular courses of tapered stones or bricks. It is a self supporting structure independent of supporting ribs, framework or corbelled (cantilevered) stonework. The term is often applied incorrectly to dome-shaped structures, such as the Millennium "Dome" in Greenwich, London.

Dormer Window: A window projecting from a roof.

Draft: A term used to describe the chiselled line produced when dressing masonry.

Drag: Flat toothed steel Stonemason’s tool resembling a section of saw blade, used for final dressing of flat faces on soft limestone.

Dressings: The stone or brick parts of a building which are distinct from plain walling; copings, jambs, sills, etc.

Dripstone: A piece of masonry designed to carry rainwater clear of the building and literally drip it onto the ground.

Drop Arch: A pointed arch with radii less than its span.

Dummy: A small round headed mallet type tool made of zinc, brass or iron used in stonemasonry for delicate work and used in conjunction with carpentry chisels for carving some soft limestones.

Catalogue No.72.

Back to the top of this page  Back to Explore Our World page  Back to Fine Stone Miniatures home page